50 very COMMON American English Reductions YOU should know

🗣️ Remember these reductions aren’t in written English, but SPOKEN English 🗣️

What Are Reductions in American English?

Reductions are a common feature in American English where words are shortened or slurred together in spoken language. This makes the speech faster and more natural but can also be a bit of a challenge for learners.

Understanding and using American English reductions yourself will make your English sound more authentic and help you understand native speakers better.

Why are American English Reductions Important?

When interacting with native speakers, you’ll notice that they rarely speak with the precise, clear pronunciation found in educational materials. Instead, they use shortened forms of words, which can be perplexing for non-natives. Understanding and using reductions yourself will make your English sound more authentic and help you understand native speakers better.

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50 Common American English Reductions

Here are the most common reductions you will hear in American English. I’m giving you the examples with the reductions, but not that it’s not as common to see these in writing as it is to hear them spoken. Some of these you will NEVER see in writing. I’m only writing them to help you understand what natives would most likely say. Be sure to listen to the vocal that accompanies this chapter to really understand what I’m talking about.

 

-’n—> and 

I would like some rice ‘n beans.

 

-’er—> or 

Do you want black ‘er white photos?

 

Ta—> to 

I want to go ta her house.

 

‘Em—> them 

Have you seen ‘em.

 

Cuz/Cause—> because 

I thought she would understand cause she is my friend.

 

‘Til—> until 

I will be here ‘til 9pm.

 

Whassup—> what + is + up 

Whassup girl?

 

Whatser—> what + is + her

Whatser name?

 

Whatsiz—> what + is + his

Whatsiz address?

 

Gimme—> give + me 

Can you gimme a few minutes?

 

Lemme—> let + me

Lemme try!

 

Could’ve—> could + have 

I could’ve gone but I was too tired.

 

Coulda—> could + have

I coulda been ready.

 

Might’ve—> might + have

I might’ve known that.

 

Mighta—> might + have

I mighta heard of it before.

 

Must’ve—> must + have

I must’ve made a mistake.

 

Musta—> must + have

I musta heard wrong.

 

Should’ve—> should + have

I should’ve known.

 

Shoulda—> should + have 

I shoulda taken a nap today.

 

Would’ve—> would + have

I would’ve been able to come.

 

Woulda—> would + have

I woulda given you mine.

 

Gonna—> going + to 

I’m gonna help!

 

Gotta—> got + to

I gotta get to bed.

 

Hafta—> have + to

I hafta do my homework.

 

Hasta—> has + to

She hasta tell me the truth.

 

Wanna—> want + to

I wanna go out for dinner.

 

Jeet—> did + you + eat 

Jeet lunch yet?

 

Jev—> did + you + have 

Jev water this morning?

 

Jeevr—> did + you + ever

Jeevr travel to Europe?

 

Betcha—> bet + you

I betcha he lost his job.

 

Doncha—> don’t + you

Doncha have somewhere to be?

 

Getcha—> get + you

I’ll come getcha after practice.

 

Gotcha—> got + you

Oh, I gotcha.

 

Howarya—> how + are + you

Howarya doing?

 

Howdya—> how + do + you

Howdya do this assignment?

 

Howjya—> how + would + you

Howjya earn more money?

 

Jya—> did + you

Jya get the mail?

 

Whaddaya—> what + do + you

Whaddaya want to do tonight?

 

Wancha—> want + you

I wancha to come.

 

Whatjya—> what + did + you

Whatjya do yesterday?

 

Whenjya—> when + did + you

Whenjya buy that shirt?

 

Wherjya—> where + did + you

Wherjya go to school?

 

Whojya—> who + did + you

Whoja call?

 

Woujya—> would + you

Woujya pick up some milk?

 

Frunna—> front + of 

It’s in frunna the door.

 

Kinda—> kind + of 

I’m kinda tired.

 

Lotsa—> lots + of 

I have lotsa friends.

 

Lotta—> lot + of 

I have a lotta money.

 

Outta—> out + of 

I’m outta time.

 

Typa—> type + of 

It’s a typa bird.

 

For those who find these American English reductions a bit overwhelming, remember that repeated exposure and practice are key.

Watch the video, jot down examples, and try to use them in your daily conversations. By integrating these American English reductions into your daily speech, you transition from textbook English to a more casual, native level—a surefire way to boost your fluency and sound like you’ve been speaking English all your life!

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Camille Hanson

Hi friends! I'm Camille. I create engaging American English content for ESL people around the world. When I am not creating videos, books or blogs, you will probably find me in a cafe somewhere around the world, studying my next target language or at home cooking up food for my family of five. Stick around, read some posts and learn some English with me :) Tchau, ciao! ~Camille
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