Thanks for all those that joined in this Youtube LIVE! I did live interviews with people on HelloTalk! Below you will find the information mentioned in the video for your reference and practice.
Bruce’s Words He wanted to practice:
English Grammar Notes:
12 common verb tenses
-talks about things that already happened or existed before now
-the action is finished
Common regular verbs
To ask—asked —did not ask
To work—worked—did not work
Common irregular verbs
To be-was/were-was not/were not
To have —had -did not have
To do—did—did not do
I asked Camille for help with my English.
She had the answers.
-used to talk about actions completed before some point in the past
-used when talking about a sequence of events
Had + past participle
*Participle is the form of the verb usually ending in -ed
Common Regular Verbs
To ask—had asked —had not asked
To work—had worked—had not worked
Common Irregular Verbs
To be—had been—had not been
To have—had had—had not had
To do—had done—had not done
Tom had not done his homework yet.
Jocelyn had asked for a day off work.
-a continuous action that was happening at some point in the past
-It is often used to describe conditions that existed in the past.
The sun was shining everyday that summer.
-It can also be used to describe something that was happening continuously in the past when another action interrupted it.
I was making dinner when the phone rang.
-It can also refer to a habitual action in the past.
She was always studying in those weeks.
Past Perfect Continuous
-shows that an action that started in the past continued up until another time in the past.
Had been +the verb’s root participle
The past perfect continuous is a verb tense that indicates something that began in the past, continued in the past, and also ended at a defined point in the past.
Maddox had been eating cookies when I walked into the room.
The youtube channel had been growing well since 2020.
John had been playing the guitar for 10 years before he finally became famous.
Present Tense Verbs
-when the action is happening now
-when the action happens regularly
In the simple present, most regular verbs use the root form, except in the third-person singular (which ends in -s).
First-person singular: I write
Second-person singular: You write
Third-person singular: He/she/it writes (note the ‑s)
First-person plural: We write
Second-person plural: You write
Third-person plural: They write
Max writes a story.
We sing a song.
The verb to be is irregular:
First-person singular: I am
Second-person singular: You are
Third-person singular: He/she/it is
First-person plural: We are
Second-person plural: You are
Third-person plural: They are
-refers to an action or state that either occurred at an indefinite time in the past (we have talked before)
-or began in the past and continued to the present time
have/has + the past participle.
I have ran on this path before.
I have eaten this fruit here.
-The important thing to remember about the present perfect is that you can’t use it when you are being specific about when it happened.
I have watched this show before. (Correct)
I have watched this show yesterday. (incorrect)
-indicates that an action or condition is happening now, frequently, and may continue into the future.
to be [am, is, are] + verb [present participle]
They are sitting in the back of the cafe.
Are you waiting to open your presents after you eat your cake?
Present Perfect Continuous
-shows that something started in the past and is continuing at the present time.
has/have been + the present participle (root + -ing).
I haven’t been feeling well.
Mia has been trying out for the basketball team.
-used to talk about things that haven’t happened yet.
will + [root form of verb]
I will go to Spain next month.
Jack will learn English.
[am/is/are] + going to + [root form verb].
I am going to Spain next month.
Jack is going to learn English.
-used for actions that will be completed before some other point in the future.
will have + [past participle]
Linda will leave before you get there. Linda will have left before you get there.
Will you have eaten lunch already when we arrive?
Future Continuous Tense
-indicates that something will occur in the future and continue for an expected length of time.
will + be + the present participle (the root verb + -ing).
Sara will be running a half marathon this Sunday.
I will be stressed tomorrow during my English exam.
Future Perfect Continuous
-describes actions that will continue up until a point in the future.
will + have + been + the verb’s present participle (verb root + -ing).
In August, I will have been working at my company for five years.
At four o’clock, I will have been waiting for 20 minutes.
What is a phrasal verb?
an idiomatic phrase consisting of a verb + another element, (an adverb, a preposition, or a combination of both)
1-Calm down-relax after being angry
Jax finally calmed down after throwing a temper tantrum. *Calmed down-past tense* temper tantrum-when a child strongly misbehaves because they don’t get what the want. They can be crying, screaming, throwing things…
2-Catch up-get to the same point as someone else
After taking a week off work, I had to catch up.
I hadn’t seen Jess for a year, we had a 3 hours coffee date and caught up.
*Caught up is past tense for catch up.*
3-Do over-do it again
I had to do the test over because I didn’t pass the first time.
4-Eat out-Eat at a restaurant
Our family likes to eat out every Friday night for a change of scenery.
5-Figure Out– Find the answer
I needed to figure out how to use 2 cameras for this crazy live I am doing.
6-Give up-stop trying/quit
Never give up on learning English!
7-Hold on-wait for a moment.
Hold on and I will be right with you.
8-Keep on-continue what you are doing
Josh kept on studying all night because he really wanted to pass the test. *Kept on is the past tense*
I had to put off my meeting because something came up.
10.Came up-to happen.
So something came up, and I couldn’t make the meeting.
*Came up is the past tense*
5 American English expressions ??
1-I am going to hit the books. I am going to study.
Oh no, I have a huge English exam tomorrow, I have to hit the books. ?
2-I am going to hit the sack. I am going to bed. I am so tired, I’m going to hit the sack..goodnight. ?
3-Lose your touch-it means that you lost a certain skill or ability that you once had
Say you’re in the kitchen and you made a cake but it burned…your friend might say…
What happened, did you lose your touch? She is referring to baking.
4-To go cold turkey-to quit something suddenly…it usually refers to a dangerous habit…like smoking or drinking.
You can be with a friend and they offer you a cigarette. You say no thanks, and they are shocked…then you say, yeah, I quit cold turkey.
5-Cut to the chase-means get to the point, usually it is used in the context where there are things to communicate but little time, so instead of talking and talking I cut to the chase.
I am in a meeting…okay guys, I’m going to cut right to the chase, we have a few things to talk about.